The hottest nuclear power in China is expected to

2022-07-24
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China's nuclear power is expected to enter the top three key core technologies

the biggest gap between China and developed countries in nuclear power is reflected in the R & D capacity of nuclear power technology; Whether China can change from a nuclear power power country to a nuclear power power country depends on whether it can master key core technologies. Where is the gap between China's nuclear power and developed countries? How can China become a nuclear power power power from a nuclear power power power? A few days ago, I interviewed zhanghuazhu, member of the National Committee of the Chinese people's Political Consultative Conference and chairman of the China Nuclear Energy Industry Association, on these issues

the scale of nuclear power is expected to rank among the top three in the world

: the current situation of nuclear power in China is very good. What is the future prospect

zhanghuazhu: since 2005, China's nuclear power policy has changed from moderate development to positive development, and nuclear power development has ushered in another spring. In particular, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council have taken the development of nuclear power as a major measure to deal with climate change and included it in the strategic emerging industry vigorously cultivated, providing a strong policy guarantee for the long-term development of nuclear power in China

according to the current development trend, the goal of achieving an installed capacity of 40million kW by 2020 will be achieved five years ahead of schedule. China's nuclear power development goals will be adjusted, and it is expected to reach 70million kilowatts by 2020. If this goal is achieved, China's nuclear power is expected to rank among the top three in the world in terms of scale

the biggest gap is reflected in R & D capability

: compared with developed countries, where is the gap of nuclear power in China

zhanghuazhu: nuclear power developed countries, mainly including the United States, France, Russia, Japan, Canada, South Korea, etc. Compared with these countries, the biggest gap in China's nuclear power is still reflected in its R & D capability. Whether it is the research and development of new nuclear power technology, the research and development of main nuclear power equipment, the research and development of nuclear fuel technology, or the spent fuel reprocessing technology, the operation and maintenance technology of nuclear power plants and the level of support services, China still has a considerable gap

the reasons for these gaps are, on the one hand, that China's nuclear power started late and its R & D accumulation was not enough, and on the other hand, that China was lack of power and capital investment for the development of nuclear power before 2005

a large nuclear power country is not equal to a powerful nuclear power country

: how can China change from a large nuclear power country to a powerful nuclear power country

zhanghuazhu: indeed, a large nuclear power country is not equal to a strong nuclear power country. At the IAEA Ministerial Conference on nuclear energy held in Beijing in april2009, many speakers always mentioned Westinghouse and General Electric Company (GE) of the United States, AREVA of France and Rosatom nuclear company of Russia when talking about the research and development of new nuclear power technologies Motor: Mitsubishi, which imports AC servo motor, has no Chinese company. This is because these companies have their own core technologies and their own technical standard systems

whether a country is a nuclear power power country depends not on how large your nuclear power installed capacity is, but on whether you master the key core technology of nuclear power and whether you are the leader of a certain nuclear power technology

in this regard, the experience of the United States is worth learning. Since the core melting accident of No. 2 reactor of Three Mile Island nuclear power plant on March 28th, 1979, the United States has not launched a new nuclear power project for 30 years, but they have not stopped technology research and development. Westinghouse sold its nuclear power equipment manufacturing and other businesses, but only retained the core strength of nuclear power research and development. After more than 20 years of efforts, it developed AP1000 on the basis of ap600, upgrading the nuclear power technology to the third generation; GE has developed advanced boiling water reactor technology, which has been applied in Japan for a long time

at the same time, the United States has made great efforts to carry out technical transformation on the domestic old nuclear power units, comprehensively improved the operation and management level of nuclear power plants, and increased the load factor of nuclear power units from 70% in the middle and late 1980s to 90% in the late 1990s. The period for the operation of power stations to focus on the development of packaging products, small household appliances, sports and sports appliances, toys and other industries has been extended from 40 years to 60 years. Therefore, the United States has always maintained the leading position in the global nuclear power technology and become a real nuclear power

focus on superior forces, gradually increase the export amount of combined extruders and tackle key problems

: how can we improve China's nuclear power R & D capability as soon as possible

zhanghuazhu: in recent years, the Chinese government has gradually increased its investment in nuclear power research and development. Nuclear power enterprises have taken the positive design of VOCs as the goal and the R & D pace of relevant universities and scientific research institutes has been significantly accelerated. The state has launched and implemented major science and technology projects for large advanced pressurized water reactor and high temperature gas cooled reactor nuclear power plants. In the process of introducing the AP1000 construction of independent supporting projects, the National Nuclear Power Technology Corporation has increased efforts in digestion, absorption and re innovation. China National Nuclear Corporation and China Guangdong nuclear power corporation have also concentrated human, material and financial resources to strengthen the research and development of nuclear power technology, The demonstration project of 200 MW high temperature gas cooled reactor nuclear power plant of Shandong Shidaowan nuclear power plant, a modular high temperature gas cooled reactor developed by Tsinghua University, will be officially started soon

experience at home and abroad shows that in nuclear power research and development, it is not allowed to disperse forces, fight alone, or make cars behind closed doors. Instead, it is necessary to carry forward China's tradition of concentrating on major events, and concentrate the country's superior forces to jointly tackle key problems

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